Marijuana laws are changing at a rapid pace across all 50 states, making things a bit confusing at times.
trying to keep up with the laws which are constantly changing,
DISA has provided this interactive map for information on legalization, medical use, recreational use, and anything in between.
In the United States, the use and possession of cannabis is illegal under federal law for any purpose,
by way of the Controlled Substances Act of 1970.
Under the CSA, cannabis is classified as a substance that is so widely use ,
determine to have a high potential for abuse and no accepted medical use – thereby prohibiting even medical use of the drug.
However, at the state level policies regarding the medical and recreational use of cannabis vary greatly
and in many states have issues with federal law.
The medical use of cannabis is legal, with a doctor’s recommendation, in 36 states, four out of five states in the U.S. territories, and the District of Columbia.
Twelve other states have marijuana laws that limit THC content, for the purpose of allowing access to products that are rich in cannabidiol (CBD)
a non-psychoactive component of cannabis.
Although cannabis remains a Schedule I drug
the Rohrabacher–Farr amendment prohibits federal prosecution of individuals complying with state medical cannabis laws.
The recreational use of cannabis is legalize in 18 different states,
the District of Columbia, the Northern Mariana Islands, and Guam.
Another 13 states and the U.S. Virgin Islands have decriminalized its use.
Commercial distribution of cannabis has been legalize in all states where possession of marijuana has been legalize,
except the District of Columbia.
base on January 2018, the Cole Memorandum provided some protection against enforcement of federal law in states that have legalized cannabis but it was canceled by Attorney General Jeff Sessions.
generally, base on federal laws, cannabis remains illegal by the U.S government
some of its sub-compounds have been approve by the Food and Drug Administration for prescription use.
Cannabinoid drugs which have received FDA approval are Marinol (THC), Syndros (THC), Cesamet (nabilone), and Epidiolex (cannabidiol).
For usage without prescription, cannabidiol derived from industrial hemp is legal at the federal level
but being legal and being fully in action varies by state.
TABLE CONTAINS STATES WHERE MARIJUANS IS LEGAL OR ILLEGAL
|Legal for recreational use||Legal for medical use||Illegal||D Decriminalized|
|Alabama||Misdemeanor for first offense, subsequent offenses felony||Legal||Not clearly stated||Legal for licensed cultivators, not individual patients||Main article: Cannabis in AlabamaFirst-time may be punished as a misdemeanor, but further possession, or intent to sell, can result in felony charges.Medical use legalized in May 2021 through bill signed by Governor Kay Ivey.|
|Alaska||Legal||Legal||Up to 1 oz (28 g)||Twelve plants in a household with two adults 21+, or no limit with commercial license||Main article: Cannabis in AlaskaLegalized by Measure 2 on November 4, 2014.|
|Arizona||Legal||Legal||Up to 1 oz (28 g)||Six plants in a household, or a maximum of 12 with two or more adults 21+||Main article: Cannabis in ArizonaMedical use legalized through Proposition 203 in 2010.|
Recreational use legalized through Proposition 207 on November 3, 2020.
|Arkansas||Illegal||Legal||Medical use only||Medical use only||Main article: Cannabis in ArkansasPossession under 3 oz (85 g) a misdemeanor; cities of Fayetteville and Eureka Springs labeled cannabis their lowest law enforcement priority.November 8, 2016: medical marijuana legalized when Issue 6 was approved by 53% of voters.|
|California||Legal||Legal||Up to 1 oz (28 g)||Legal (six plants for personal use, or a commercial license)||Main article: Cannabis in CaliforniaJuly 1975: Senate Bill 95 reduced the penalty for possession of 1 oz (28 g) or less of cannabis to a citable misdemeanor. November 1996: first state to legalize medical marijuana when Proposition 215 was approved by 56% of voters. November 2016: Proposition 64 passed by 57% to 43%, legalizing sale and distribution, effective January 1, 2018.|
|Colorado||Legal||Legal||Up to 2 oz (57 g)||Legal (six plants for personal use, or commercially licensed)||Main article: Cannabis in ColoradoNovember 6, 2012: Colorado Amendment 64 approved by voters, legalizing the sale and possession of marijuana for non-medical use including cultivation of up to six plants with up to three mature.|
Colorado became the second state to legalize, going into effect four days after Washington state, however, it was the first state for legal retail sales to become established. May 20, 2021: Colorado Governor Jared Polis signed HB 21-1090, a bill which increases possession limits from 1 oz to 2 oz for adults.
|Connecticut||Legal||Legal||Legal to carry up to 1.5 oz (43 g) or possess up to 5 oz (140 g) locked inside a home or trunk of a vehicle||Legal (Up to three mature and three immature plants) beginning October 1, 2021 for medical marijuana patients, and for all adults 21 and older beginning July 1, 2023||Main article: Cannabis in ConnecticutJune 22, 2021: Connecticut Governor Ned Lamont signed SB 1201, a bill legalizing recreational marijuana for adults beginning July 1, 2021. Those between 18 and 20 would be subject to civil fine up to $150, and minors under 18 cannot be arrested for simple possession.|
|Delaware||D||Decriminalized (civil infraction)||Legal||Medical use only||Medical use only||Main article: Cannabis in DelawareFebruary 10, 2012: Governor Jack Markell suspended medical marijuana after a Justice Department letter threatened federal prosecutionAugust 31, 2016: Jack Markell signed House Bill 400, expanding medical cannabis programs for those with a terminal illness.|
|Florida||Illegal||Legal||Medical use only||Medical use only||Main article: Cannabis in FloridaNovember 8, 2016: medical marijuana legalized as of July 1, 2017, when voters passed Amendment 2 by 71%.|
|Georgia||Illegal; decriminalized in the cities of Atlanta, Clarkston,Forest Park, Savannah, South Fulton, Statesboro, unincorporated Fulton County, and Macon–Bibb County.||CBD oil (less than 5% THC)||Medical use only||Illegal||Main article: Cannabis in Georgia (U.S. state)Misdemeanor possession of 1 oz (28 g) or less can be punished by a fine up to $1000 or up to 12 months in jail. It is a felony for anyone to possess more than 1 oz (28 g), manufacture, deliver, distribute, dispense, administer, purchase, sell, or possess with intent to distribute marijuana and it is punishable by imprisonment for no less than one year and no more than ten years. City and county level punishments for misdemeanor possessions vary.April 16, 2015: use of low-THC CBD oil legalized for medical use, but in-state cultivation, production, and sale remains illegal.|
|Hawaii||D||Decriminalized||Legal||Against program rules||Medical use only||Main article: Cannabis in HawaiiJune 15, 2000: Governor Ben Cayetano signed bill legalizing medical marijuana. First state legislature to do so. July 14, 2015: Governor David Ige signed bill allowing medical cannabis dispensaries. |
July 14, 2016: Governor Ige signed law expanding medical cannabis programs. June 25, 2019: Governor Ige announced that he would not veto a bill passed by the legislature to decriminalize less than 3 g of marijuana. Law went into effect January 11, 2020.
|Idaho||Misdemeanor (85 g (3.0 oz) or less)||CBD oil (less than 0.1% THC)||Not clearly stated||Felony||Main article: Cannabis in IdahoPossession of 85 g (3.0 oz) or less a misdemeanor up to 1-year prison or fine up to $1,000 or both. More than 3 oz (85 g) but less than 1 lb (0.45 kg) a felony up to 5 years in prison or fine up to $10,000 or both. 2015: the Idaho Attorney General stipulated that CBD must both contain zero THC and be derived from one of the five identified parts of the cannabis plant, otherwise it is illegal in Idaho under current law. 2021: Senate Bill 1017 is signed into law by Governor Brad Little expanding legal CBD access from 0.0% to 0.1% THC.|
|Illinois||Legal||Legal||Up to 30 g (1.1 oz)||Five plants in home for medical use only, or commercially licensed for recreational||Main article: Cannabis in Illinois Cannabis Control Act of 1978 allowed for medical marijuana but was never implemented. August 1, 2013: Gov. Pat Quinn signed bill legalizing medical marijuana effective January 1, 2014.May 31, 2019: the General Assembly passed the Illinois Cannabis Regulation and Tax Act to legalize recreational marijuana use beginning January 1, 2020, allowing adults age 21 and over to possess up to 30 g (1.1 oz). With Gov. J. B. Pritzker‘s signature on June 25, Illinois became the first state in the nation to legalize adult marijuana sales through an act of state legislature.|
|Indiana||Misdemeanor (up to 6 months in jail, $1000 fine)||CBD oil (less than 0.3% THC) legal for any use||Not clearly stated||Illegal||Main article: Cannabis in Indiana1913: prohibited|
|Iowa||Illegal||CBD oil (less than 3% THC)||Not clearly stated||Felony||Main article: Cannabis in Iowa2014: CBD oil legalized|
|Kansas||Misdemeanor||CBD oil (containing 0% THC) legal for any use||Not clearly stated||Illegal||Main article: Cannabis in Kansas1927: prohibited2018: CBD oil exempted from the definition of marijuana.|
|Kentucky||Misdemeanor for less than 8 oz (230 g)||CBD oil||Not clearly stated||Misdemeanor (less than 5 plants)||Main article: Cannabis in Kentucky2014: CBD legalized|
|Louisiana||D||Decriminalized up to 14 grams (0.5 oz)||Legal||Medical use only||Illegal||Main article: Cannabis in Louisiana1924: prohibited2015: medical cannabis legalized2020: House Bill 819 is signed in to law by Governor John Bel Edwards expanding cannabis access to “any condition” that a doctor “considers debilitating to an individual patient and is qualified through his medical education and training to treat.”2021: Decriminalization signed into law by Governor Edwards.|
|Maine||Legal||Legal||Legal to carry up to 2.5 oz (71 g)||Up to three mature plants, twelve immature plants and unlimited number of seedlings; or commercially licensed||Main article: Cannabis in Maine1913: Prohibited1976: Decriminalized1999: Medical cannabis legalized 2009: Further decriminalized 2016: Legalized recreational|
|Maryland||D||Decriminalized (Up to 10 g)||Legal||Medical use only||Illegal||Main article: Cannabis in MarylandApril 14, 2014: SB 364 decriminalized possession of 10 grams or less punishable by $100 fine for first offense, $250 fine for second offense, and $500 fine plus possible drug treatment for third offense. HB 881 legalized medical cannabis. Both laws effective October 1, 2014.|
|Massachusetts||Legal||Legal||Legal to carry up to 1 oz (28 g) outside the home, or store up to 10 oz (280 g) within a home||Up to six plants for personal use or twelve plants maximum for 2 or more adults in a household; or a commercial license.||Main article: Cannabis in Massachusetts2008: decriminalized cannabis by 63% vote on Question 2. 1 oz (28 g) or less punishable by $100 fine. 2012: medical marijuana legalized when Question 3 passed by 60%. 2016: legalized recreational marijuana when Question 4 passed by 54%.|
|Michigan||Legal||Legal||Legal to carry up to 2.5 oz (71 g) outside the home, or store up to 10 oz (280 g) within a home||Up to 12 plants per household, or commercially licensed||Main article: Cannabis in : legalized medical cannabis2018: legalized recreational cannabis|
|Minnesota||D||Decriminalized||Legal||Medical use only||Medical use only||Main article: Cannabis in Minnesota1976: decriminalization 2014: medical cannabis legalized|
|Mississippi||D||Decriminalized (first offense; 30 g (1.1 oz) or less)||CBD oil||Not clearly stated||Illegal||Main article: Cannabis in Mississippi1978: decriminalized2014: CBD legalized2020: medical cannabis legalized through Initiative 65, which was subsequently overturned by the Supreme Court of Mississippi|
|Missouri||D||Decriminalized||Legal||Not clearly stated||Legal for medical use||Main article: Cannabis in Missouri 2014: decriminalized; CBD legalized2018: Missouri voters approved Amendment 2, allowing for the distribution and regulation of medical cannabis.|
|Montana||Legal||Legal||Legal to possess up to 1 oz (28 g) marijuana or 8g of concentrates||Legal (Up to four plants per household)||Main article: Cannabis in Montana November 3, 2020: Legalized by Initiative 190|
|Nebraska||D||Decriminalized (first offense only)||Illegal||Not clearly stated||Illegal||Main article: Cannabis in NebraskaPossession up to 1 oz (28 g) fined up to $300 for first offense, with potential mandatory drug education. Second offense fine up to $500 and up to five days’ jail, third offense up to $500 fine and maximum one week jail.|
|Nevada||Legal||Legal||Legal||Adults at least 21 years old can grow in home (6 plants per household), or commercially licensed||Main article: Cannabis in NevadaNovember 7, 2000: medical marijuana legalized with 65% vote on Question 9. November 8, 2016: recreational marijuana legalized when Question 2 passed by 54%. Home cultivation allowed if 25 miles away from store.|
|New Hampshire||D||Decriminalized up to 0.75 oz (21 g)||Legal||Medical use only||Medical use only||Main article: Cannabis in New HampshireJuly 23, 2013: medical marijuana legalized when Governor Maggie Hassan signed HB 573.|
July 11, 2015: Governor Hassan expanded medical marijuana law. July 18, 2017: Governor Chris Sununu signed bill decriminalizing up to 0.75 oz (21 g).
|New Jersey||Legal||Legal||Up to 6 oz (170 g) for an individual. Licensed delivery services allowed.||Legal for licensed cultivators only||Main article: Cannabis in New JerseyJanuary 18, 2010: medical marijuana law signed by Governor Jon Corzine. Maximum 1 year in prison and 1,000 dollar fine for possession of up to 50 grams. September 19, 2016: Governor Chris Christie signed Assembly Bill 457 adding PTSD as a qualifying condition for medical marijuana, effective immediately. November 3, 2020: recreational use legalized by referendum. February 22, 2021: enabling legislation for cannabis legalization signed by Governor Phil Murphy. The bill includes provisions for transportation (delivery) and cultivation licensure.|
|New Mexico||Legal||Legal||Up to 2 oz (57 g)||Up to six mature plants for personal use; or twelve per household||Main article: Cannabis in New Mexico 2007: medical use legalized when Governor Bill Richardson signed Senate Bill 523. 2019: legislation to decriminalize was signed into law. 2021: recreational marijuana signed into law by Governor Michelle Lujan Grisham, effective beginning June 29, 2021; commercial sales to begin April 1, 2022).|
|New York||Legal||Legal||Up to 3 oz (85 g) of cannabis for recreational purposes or 24 grams of concentrated forms of the drug, such as oils.||Up to three mature and three immature plants per person, maximum twelve per household.||Main article: Cannabis in New YorkJuly 14, 2014: medical marijuana legalized when Governor Andrew Cuomo signed legislation allowing edibles, oils, pills, and vaporization, but not smoking. June 20, 2019: full decriminalization bill passed legislature and signed into law by Governor Cuomo. The bill decriminalizes amounts under 2 oz (57 g), providing for a $50 fine for under 1 oz (28 g) and $100 for under 2 oz. It also eliminates the “in public view” loophole whereby police would demand suspects empty their pockets, thus causing the cannabis to be in public view.|
The law took effect on August 30, 2019. March 31, 2021:
Marijuana legalization law signed by the governor.
|North Carolina||D||Decriminalized (42 g (1.5 oz) or less)||CBD oil||Illegal||Illegal||Main article: Cannabis in North Carolina1977: decriminalized2015: CBD legalized|
|North Dakota||D||Decriminalized (14 g (0.49 oz) or less)||Legal||Medical use only||Medical use only||Main article: Cannabis in North DakotaNovember 8, 2016: legalized medical marijuana when voters passed Measure 5 by 64%. May 2019: decriminalized|
|Ohio||D||Decriminalized (civil infraction)||Legal||Not clearly stated||Medical use only||Main article: Cannabis in Ohio June 8, 2016: Governor John Kasich signed legislation legalizing medical marijuana.|
|Oklahoma||Illegal||Legal||Not clearly stated||Legal with medicinal license||Main article: Cannabis in Oklahoma1933: criminalized 2015: Governor Mary Fallin signed law allowing CBD oil for children with epilepsy. June 26, 2018: Voters in Oklahoma approved State Question 788, legalizing medical marijuana.|
|Oregon||Legal||Legal||Up to 1 oz (28 g), more for licensed cultivators||Four plants per household for adults 21+, or commercially licensed||Main article: Cannabis in Oregon1973: Oregon became the first state to decriminalize cannabis. November 4, 2014: voters approved Measure 91 providing for possession and sale of set amounts of cannabis.Cannabis sentencing reform signed July 1, 2015 by Governor Kate Brown.More medical cannabis reforms signed July 28, 2015 by Governor Brown, effective October 1, 2015. Governor Brown signed 25% cannabis sales tax.|
|Pennsylvania||Illegal,Decriminalized In Philadelphia and Pittsburgh (<30g)||Legal||Medical use only||Illegal||Main article: Cannabis in PennsylvaniaApril 17, 2016: medical use law signed by Governor Wolf. Possession of 30 g (1.1 oz) or less up to 30 days in jail and fine up to $500. More than 30g a misdemeanor up to a year in jail and $5000 fine.|
|Rhode Island||D||Decriminalized (civil violation)||Legal||Medical use only||Medical use only||Main article: Cannabis in Rhode IslandPossession of 1 oz (28 g) $150 fine, three violations within 18 months a misdemeanor with larger fines or prison or both.|
|South Carolina||Misdemeanor||Cannabis oil (less than 0.9% THC)||CBD oil||Illegal||Main article: Cannabis in South Carolina2014: Governor Nikki Haley signed Senate Bill 1035, “Julian’s Law”, allowing children with severe epilepsy to be treated with CBD oil if recommended by a physician.|
|South Dakota||Misdemeanor||Legal||Medical use only||Medical use only||Main article: Cannabis in South DakotaPersonal use of 2 oz or less a Class 1 misdemeanor punishable by a maximum of 1 year in prison and a maximum fine $2,000. Medical use legal effective July 1, 2021.November 3, 2020: Medical and recreational use legalized by separate referendums. February 8, 2021: Recreational legalization referendum overturned by circuit court judge as unconstitutional. State Supreme Court hearing held on April 28, 2021, which is expected to decide the fate of recreational cannabis in the state.|
|Tennessee||Misdemeanor (less than .5 oz (14 g); first or second offense only).||Cannabis oil (less than 0.9% THC)||CBD oil||Misdemeanor (nine plants or less)|
Felony (ten or more plants)
|Main article: Cannabis in TennesseeFirst-time possession one year supervised probation instead of one year in prison; possession of .5 oz (14 g) or more for resale a felony. CBD oil possession allowed as of May 4, 2015, if suffering seizures or epilepsy with recommendation of doctor.|
|Texas||Illegal (De facto legal by refusal to arrest for less than 4 ounces in possession in Austin. “cite and release” in Houston, Dallas, San Antonio, Austin, and residents of Travis County.)||CBD oil (no more than 1% THC and no less than 10% CBD)||Not clearly stated||Illegal||Main article: Cannabis in TexasDecember 2014: possession of up to 2 oz (57 g) of marijuana can result in a jail sentence of up to six months and fine of up to $2,000. June 1, 2015: governor Greg Abbott signed a bill legalizing CBD oil for medical use in patients with intractable epilepsy. May 2019: expanded the qualifying conditions of medical cannabis to include Parkinson’s disease, ALS, autism, multiple sclerosis, spasticity, and terminal cancer. June 2021: Governor Greg Abbott signed a bill that expands limited medical program from 0.5% THC to 1.0% THC. Effective September 1, 2021.|
|Utah||Misdemeanor||Legal||Not clearly stated||Illegal||Main article: Cannabis in Utah2014: HB 105 signed which allows use of low-THC cannabis oil for patients with epilepsy.March 2018: HB 195 signed which allows cannabis for certain terminally ill patients. Possession up to an 1 oz (28 g) 6-months prison and maximum fine $1,000. Over 10 oz (280 g) $10,000 fine. Selling any amount a felony with 5 years in prison and $5,000 fine.|
|Vermont||Legal||Legal||Legal to possess up to 1 oz (28 g)||Legal (two mature plants, four immature)||Main article: Cannabis in VermontMay 19, 2004: medical marijuana legalized when Senate Bill 76 was enacted. June 2007: medical marijuana expanded by the enactment of SB 7.June 6, 2013: Governor Peter Shumlin signed HB200, decriminalizing 1 oz (28 g).January 2018: HB511 was enacted, legalizing recreational use of 1 oz (28 g) and two plants, taking effect on July 1, 2018. First state legislature to legalize recreational marijuana.|
|Virginia||Legal||Legal (with commercial sales)||Legal to possess up to 1 oz (28 g), beginning July 1, 2021||Up to four plants per household beginning July 1, 2021||Main article: Cannabis in VirginiaApril 2020: decriminalized up to 1 oz (28 g) (punishable by a $25 fine) per legislation signed by Governor Ralph Northam. April 7, 2021: Marijuana legalized for personal use effective July 1, 2021, and commercial sales to begin January 1, 2024.|
|Washington||Legal||Legal||Legal||Legal with restrictions and commercial licensing||Main article: Cannabis in Washington (state)2012: legalized by Washington Initiative 502. The law permits anyone over 21 to carry 1 oz (28 g), and it requires licensed sellers, distributors, and growers. Home growing is not allowed except for medical use. First state to legalize recreational marijuana on December 6, 2012, four days before Colorado.|
|West Virginia||Misdemeanor||Legal||Not clearly stated||Illegal||Main article: Cannabis in West Virginia“Compassionate Use Act for Medical Cannabis; providing for protections for the medical use of cannabis…”|
|Wisconsin||Misdemeanor on first offense, felony on subsequent offenses; decriminalized in the city of Milwaukee||CBD oil||Not clearly stated; qualified patients for CBD oil may have 3 oz (85 g) of leaves or flowers||Felony; qualified patients for CBD oil may have twelve plants||Main article: Cannabis in WisconsinFirst possession a misdemeanor fine up to $1,000 or imprisonment up to 6 months, or both. Second offense a Class I felony fine up to $10,000 or imprisonment up to 3.5 years, or both. Medical CBD oil legalized in 2014 and 2017. In 2020, Madison, WI legalized the possession of up to 1 oz (28 g) of recreational cannabis, including smoking cannabis on public property (not including places where cigarettes are already banned, inside or within 1000 feet of a school, or behind the wheel).|
|Wyoming||Misdemeanor||CBD oil||Not clearly stated||Illegal||Main article: Cannabis in WyomingBeing under the influence of marijuana is a misdemeanor up to 90 days in prison and fine up to $100. Possession of 3 oz (85 g) or less a misdemeanor up to 1 year in prison and fine up to $1000.|
|District of Columbia||Legal (no commercial sales)[||Legal (commercial sales)||Legal to carry up to 2 oz (57 g)||Legal to grow up to six plants (only three mature at a time) for recreational purposes; no provision for commercial recreational cultivation||Main article: Cannabis in Washington, D.C.1998: Initiative 59 was voted in to allow medical marijuana, but was blocked from taking effect by Congress until 2009.2014: D.C. Mayor Vincent Gray signed a bill that decriminalized possession of up to 1 oz (28 g) of marijuana in the U.S. capital for persons 18 years of age or older. The law made possession a civil violation with a penalty of $25, lower than most city parking tickets.2014, D.C. voted by ballot Initiative 71 to legalize recreational marijuana possession, cultivation, and transportation; commercial production and sale prohibited. The law went into effect February 26, 2015 following 30 days of congressional review.|